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2nd Grade Reading Instructional Guide

Page history last edited by kczerwinski@iss.k12.nc.us 10 years, 1 month ago

NC SCOC Objective & I can statements: 


Teaching Strategies: 

Materials needed: 

Competency Goal 1: The learner will develop and apply enabling strategies and skills to read and write 


1.01 I can sound out words.  

(Use phonics knowledge and structural analysis (e.g. knowledge of syllables, suffixes, prefixes, root words) to decode regular multi-syllable words when reading text) 








Interactive Spelling Bee


1.02 I can read sight words. 

(Read most high frequency and many irregular spelled words accurately in text) 








1.03 Self-monitor decoding by using letter-sound knowledge of all consonants and vowels 








1.04 Apply knowledge of all sources of information (meaning, language, and graphophonics) to read a new text silently and independently 











1.05 Use a variety of strategies and skills to read self-selected texts independently for 20 minutes daily. Self-selected texts should be consistent with the student’s independent reading level 








Competency Goal 2: The learner will develop and apply strategies and skills to comprehend text that is read, heard, and viewed  

2.01 I can understand what I read. 

 (Read and comprehend text (fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama) appropriate for grade 2) 








2.01a I can make predictions about a selection. 

(Making predictions) 








2.01b I can ask questions about a selection. 

(Asking questions) 


Graphic Organizers 







2.01c I can tell the difference between facts and opinions. 

(Determining fact and opinion) 




2.01d I can find information in a selection to answer questions. 

(Locating information for specific reasons and purposes) 




2.01e I can tell why the author wrote the selection. 

(Determining purpose- reader’s and author’s) 











2.01f I can explain why the author uses bold, italic, and capital letters. (OUCH!) 

(Recognizing and applying text structure) 


Author's Craft 






2.01g I can use the author’s decisions and word choice to understand the selection. 

(Comprehending and examining author’s decisions and word choice) 










2.01h I can understand what the author means when s/he uses figurative language. 

(Recognizing and comprehending figurative language)  




2.01i I can use clues from the story to make smart guesses about what might happen in a selection or why something happens. 

(Making inferences and drawing conclusions) 

Drawing Conclusions 








2.02 Use text for a variety of functions, including literary, informational, and practical 




2.03 I can read nonfiction text to answer questions. 

(Read expository materials for answers to specific questions) 




Waltke's Web

2.04 I can ask how, why, and what if questions to understand what is read. 

(Pose possible how, why, and what if questions to understand and/or interpret text) 








2.05 Self-monitor own difficulties in comprehending independently using several strategies 

Drawing Conclusions


Metal Image/Visualize 







2.06 I can tell the main idea, facts, and details from a selection. 

(Recall main idea, facts, and details from a text) 



Main Idea of a Selection

Supporting Details 




2.07 I can tell how events, characters, and ideas are alike and different in one or more selections. 

(Discuss similarities and differences in events, characters, and concepts within and across texts) 




2.08 I can read and understand information from diagrams, charts, and maps

(Interpret information from diagrams, charts, and maps) 






Competency Goal 3: The learner will make connections through the use of oral language, written language, and media and technology  

3.01 Use personal experiences and knowledge to interpret written and oral messages 








3.02 I can make connections to texts that I have read and/or heard.  


(Connect and compare information within and across selections (fiction, non fiction, poetry, drama) to experience and knowledge) 








3.03 I can retell new ideas and information in my own words. 

(Explain and describe new concepts and information in own words e.g. plot, setting, major events, characters, author’s message, connections, topic, key vocabulary, key concepts, text features) 









3.04 Increase oral and written vocabulary by listening, discussing, and composing texts when responding to literature that is read and heard (e.g., read aloud by teacher, literature circles, interest groups, book clubs) 










3.05 Locate and discuss examples of an author’s use of: 

  1. Kinds of sentences (declarative, interrogative, exclamatory) 
  2. Capitalization (titles, dates and days, names of countries) 
  3. Punctuation (exclamation marks, commas in dates, and to introduce dialogue and quotations) 
  4. Use of paragraphs in texts and their effects on the reader 
  5. Genre(s) and specific word choices(s) 

Author's Craft(bold, itialics,capitals)

Quotation Marks












3.06 Discuss the effect of an author’s choice for nouns, verbs, modifiers, and specific vocabulary which help the reader comprehend a narrative or expository text 












Competency Goal 4: The learner will apply strategies and skills to create oral, written, and visual texts  

4.01 Begin to use formal language and/or literary language in place of oral language patterns, as appropriate 




4.02 Use expanded vocabulary to generate synonyms for commonly over used words to increase clarity of written and oral communication 




4.03 I can read smoothly and with expression.


(Read aloud with fluency and expression any text appropriate for early independent readers) 




4.04 Use oral communication to identify, organize, and analyze information 





4.05 Respond appropriately when participating in group discourse by adapting language and communication behaviors to the situation to accomplish a specific purpose 





4.06 Plan and make judgments about what to include in written products (e.g., narratives of personal experiences, creative stories, skits based on familiar stories, and/or experiences) 




4.07 I can plan, write, and fix stories that I write. 

(Compose first drafts using an appropriate writing process: 

*Planning and drafting 

*Reading for meaning 

*Revising to clarify and refine with guided instruction) 

Graphic Organizers






4.08 I can write information or a story with a beginning, middle, and an end. 

(Write structured informative presentations and narratives when given help with organization)  

Beginning Sentence

Closing Sentence 



4.09 Use media and technology to enhance the presentation of information to an audience for a specific purpose 




Competency Goal 5: The learner will apply grammar and language conventions to communicate effectively  

5.01 Spell correctly using: 

  • Previously studied words 
  • Spelling patterns 
  • Analysis of sounds to represent all the sounds in a word in one’s own writing 




5.02 Attend to spelling mechanics, and format for final products in ones’ own writing 




5.03 I can use capital letters, punctuation marks, and paragraphs in my writing. 

(Use capitalization, punctuation, and paragraphs in own writing) 




5.03a I can use capital letters correctly in my writing. 






5.03b I can use punctuation correctly in my writing. 



Quotation Marks





5.03c I can write paragraphs. 






5.04 I can write descriptive complete sentences. 

(Use subject, predicate, and modifier in a sentence) 






5.04a I can write complete sentences with a subject and predicate. 





5.04b I can use adverbs and adjectives to make my writing more descriptive. 







5.05 Use editing to check and confirm correct use of conventions: 

  • Complete sentences 
  • Correct word order in sentences 




5.06 Use correctly in written products: 

  • Letter formation, lines, and spaces to create readable documents 
  • Plural forms of commonly used nouns 
  • Common, age-appropriate contractions 




5.07 Use legible manuscript handwriting 







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