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Kindergarten Reading Instructional Guide

Page history last edited by jtempleton@... 9 years, 9 months ago

NC SCOC Objective & I can statements:

Teaching Strategies:

Materials needed:


Competency Goal 1:  The student will learn skills to read and write.

1.01 I can tell you about books and print











sound out


word family

uppercase/lowercase letters


sight words







http://www.kidscount1234.com/ (an abundance of ideas if you scroll down the left side--includes literacy as well as math activities)


http://www.carlscorner.us.com/   (literacy ideas available)


1.01a  I can tell you about the different parts of books


Using books in large and small group activities, we discuss the parts of a book. 





1.01b  I can point to the words as I read going the correct way.



Reading individual repetitive/predictable books, children point to words as they read to an adult and/or peer.



1.01c  I can find the letters, words and sentences in the story.



1.  Using the smartboard, a sentence is written on the board, children can put a circle around the requested word, letter, or sentence. 


2.  Using sentence strips, a sentence can be written and then cut apart into words to put back in order.


* Write sentences on sentence strips that tell about pictures on Christmas cards.  Students must match the correct sentence to the correct card. 







old Christmas cards, sentence strips  



  • I can find the title of the story
  • I can tell you what the author does.
  • I can tell you what the illustrator does.


Large Group Activity:  A whole class discussion focuses on these parts of literacy.


Small Group/Center time: Children have the opportunity to become the "author and/or illustrator" by making their own books.  



1.02 I can tell you the names and sounds of letters and how they help me make words.


In large and small group writing instruction, letter-sound recognition is focused on using an ABC letter/sound chart to find needed letters and/or sounds. 



1.02 a

  • I can put letters together to make words. 
  • I can put words together to make sentences.


See above: 1.01c 



1.02 b

  • I can use letters and letter sounds to read words. 
  • I can use letters and letter sounds to write words. 
  • I can put word together to read sentences. 
  • I can put words together to write sentences.


Journal writing, daily messages, smartboard writing, AWARD READING activities. 



1.02 c

  • I can tell you how words begin the same.
  • I can tell you how words end the same.





1.03 – I can read and sound out simple words


Individual "letter of the week" books, AWARD READING activities



1.03a I can name the upper and lower-case letters of the alphabet.


Use die-cut letters to glue and/or draw items that begin with that letter/sound. 



1.03 b

  • I can read my Kindergarten sight words
  • I can read words that I see around me.


Sight Word Bingo

Tic-Tac-Toe with sight words

"BANG" with sight words

Sight Word Relay 


Using the SmartBoard to read a morning message, find and highlight the sight words found in the message. 


Send an email to another class and/or office personnel.  Find/highlight the sight words in the message the class sent.  When receiving a return email, find/highlight the words found in that message.


* Students wear necklaces with sight words on them.  The students must call each other by their sight word name, instead of their real name.  Ex. - Instead of Sarah, her name might be "the".  "The" would be written on an index card and attached to a piece of yarn that Sarah would wear around her neck.


* Play Hot Potato using sight words.  Whenever the music stops, the child holding the object must read the sight word. 



1.03 c

I can name the beginning sounds of words. 




1.04 - I can learn to read.





1.04 a

I can read my own story.





1.04 b I can use letter sounds and pictures to read simple stories.





1.05 - I can choose a book and read it by myself. 





Competency Goal 2:  Learn skills to understand what is read, heard, and seen. 


2.01 I can tell about a story.

  • I can tell the beginning, middle, and end of a story.
  • I can tell the characters in the story.
  • I can tell where the story happens.



Dramatic Play:  Acting out stories 




1.  Make puppets (bag or use popsicle sticks) to represent characters in a story.

2.  Make character masks to wear to act out the story (i.e. mask for Papa Bear, Mama Bear, Baby Bear)



2.02 I can read and enjoy all types of stories and rhymes.


Checking out books from the media center.

Act out stories and rhymes. 


Rhyming Words Matching lesson   




2.03 I can use what I already know to help me understand the story.





2.04 I can ask and answer simple questions before reading a book by looking at the title and the pictures.





2.05 - I can tell what I think will happen next before I read a story and while I read a story.





2.06 – I can follow directions that I hear and see.

Play Simon Says 



2.07 – I can understand that certain words tell the type of story. (“Once upon a time,” “The end,” “Happily ever after,” etc.)





2.08 I can tell which stories are real and which are make-believe.





2.09 I can tell what happens first, next, and last in a story.




Competency Goal 3:  Make connections through speaking, reading, writing, and books. 


3.01 I can connect what I read to things that have happened to me. 




The Retelling Hand 


3.02 I can use books to learn new things.


Using pony beads of different colors, students can retell the First Thanksgiving story through a story bracelet.








  • ·        I can use books to learn new words.
  • ·        I can talk about why the author used those words.





3.04 – I can connect books to my experiences by speaking, listening, and using different media.






3.04 a I can listen to stories several times.





3.04 b

  • ·        I can talk about stories.
  • ·        I can draw pictures about stories. 
  • ·        I can act out stories.






* After reading the story How Santa Got His Job, have the students draw pictures of the jobs that Santa had before becoming Santa. 





story How Santa Got His Job 


3.04 c I can compare stories.


Read different versions of the same story (i.e. The Ugly Duckling, The Gingerbread Man, etc.)  Discuss as a group. 

As a pre-activity to comparing stories, I took 2 very similar books (ex: about snow) and talked about the "likenesses and differences" of the covers of the books.  (Although the likenesses/differences is a math goal, it worked well to look at the front covers of the 2 books and compare them.) 


Competency Goal 4: Use what you know and learn to tell, draw, and write about stories.   



  • ·        I can use new words when I speak.
  • ·        I can use new words when I write. 











  • ·        I can use naming words and action words when I speak.
  • ·         I can use naming words and action words when I write. 


  • ·        I can use describing words when I write.
  • ·        I can use describing works when I speak.






4.04 - I can talk and listen to others.








4.04 a I can listen to others.





4.04 b

I can take turns while talking.





4.05 – I can write sentences that use periods, question marks, and exclamation marks.   






  • ·        I can write from left to right.
  • ·        I can write from top to bottom.






  • ·        I can write the letters and some words.





Competency Goal 5:  Write and speak so that others can understand. 

5.01 – I can learn to write and spell words.


  • I can write words using letter sounds.





5.01 b

  • I can write the letters of the alphabet.





5.01 c

  • I can identify and write consonant sounds in words.






5.02 – I can use a capital letter for the word “I” and for the first letter in my name.





5.03 – I can write letters that others can read.





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